|March 5, 2011||Posted by ivailo under Vidin Province|
Kula is a town in northwestern Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of Kula municipality, part of Vidin Province. Located just east of the Serbian-Bulgarian border, it is the third largest town in the province after Vidin and Belogradchik. Kula lies 30 kilometres west of Vidin and 13 kilometres east of the border checkpoint at Vrashka chuka.
Kula is the location of the Late Roman fortress of Castra Martis, the ruins of which can still be seen today. The town has a museum exhibiting various tools and everyday items found in the fortress, as well as a miniature model of the Roman town. The most important local industry is the rubber and plastic processing factory.
Municipality of Kula
Kula municipality is a natural link between the Danube plain and the western spurs of the Balkan Mountain, covering territory of 291 sq. km, at a distance of 250 km from Sofia. The average altitude is 295 m. Kula Municipality is bordering Serbia to the west, the hilly chains of Predbalkan to the south and southeast. The municipality also borders the municipalities of Vidin, Makresh, Gramada, Boynitsa and Zaychar (Serbia) with which it is linked through the border checkpoint Vrashka Chuka. There are 9 settlements in the municipality. Administrative center is the town of Kula with a population of 5,209 people (2010).
Kula municipality has 29.7 km second class roads and 13.7 km third class roads. Many of them have been partially reconstructed but they are not in good condition yet.
All settlements in the municipality have stable power supply. A substation is powered by two electric transmission grids and redistributes power to 32 electric power substations.
Water supply and sewerage
There are only two villages in Kula municipality, which are not supplied with water – Golemanovo and Izvor mahala. Sewers in the town of Kula are mixed – for citizens and for rainwaters. About 30% of the population is connected to the sewerage system. There is no wastewater treatment plant on the territory of the municipality.
The local branch of the Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (BTC, supplier of fixed telephony) and the three national mobile operators provide telecommunication services in the municipality. All areas of the municipality are telephonised.
Agriculture is a traditional sector for the municipality of Kula. Natural and climatic factors favour the development of both crops growing and livestock breeding. The main cultivated cultures are cereals, fodder and industrial crops. The average yields are very good based on the application of scientific methods in farming. Grape-vines and dessert varieties are also grown successfully. There is a joint Bulgarian-Dutch joint-stock company in the chemical industry, called “Kula ring” (manufacture of rubber products) located in the town of Kula. It produces conveyor belts, gaskets, O-rings, seals, porous and solid profiles, pads, etc., which are mainly exported. The company employs 150 people. Since 1998, another chemical plant producing rubber soles has been functioning in the town, which employs 38 people.