CELTIC SETTLEMENTS IN N.W. BULGARIA
|July 19, 2012||Posted by ivailo under History|
In addition to the recent publications of Celtic ceramic (see ‘New Material 1’ article), weapons and other metal artifacts (see ‘New Material 2’ article), and Celtic coinage of the Paeonia, Thasos, Philip II and Philip III types, as well as Bastarnae coinage of the Huşi Vorvrieşti type (see numismatic section), a number of Celtic settlements have been identified by academics in this part of northwestern Bulgaria – i.e. west of the Oescus (Iskar) river and north of the Stara Planina (Balkan) mountains (Map S1).
Such is the case with the Celtic settlements of Braiola – Βραίολα (Aquae region – Lower Timok/Danube) – today’s Bregovo (Beševliev 1970:25; Duridanov 1997 with cited lit.), Setlotesat the Lower Timok/Danube confluence (Detschew 1957:434; Duridanov 1997:134); Bonnonia (today’s Vidin) (Holder I, 1904, 481ff; Der Kleine Pauly I, 928; Kazarow, 1919:62; See also Duridanov, 1997: 134; Falileyev 2009: 281), Ratiaria (today’s Archar) (Tomaschek, II, 2, 69; Holder II, 1075; Kazarov, 1919: 62; Hubert II,:43), Remetodia (today’s Orsoya) (Tomaschek, II, 2. 1894:69; Detschew 1957:391; Duridanov 1997:134; Falileyev, Graham 2006; Mac Congail 2007:299; Falileyev 2009:282), Cumodina (today’s Stanevo) (Bastarnae settlement – see ‘Celtic Settlements in n. Bulgaria’ article), and Icadidunum (near today’s Gigen) (Duridanov 1997:136; Faliliyev 2009: 282) - all on the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria (Map S1).