Category: History


During the replacement of an eroded stone block on the facade of the Voynitza Tower of the Baba Vida feudal castle (in Vidin on the Danube, NW Bulgaria) in 1992, a sculpture of a human head with neck was discovered. Made of grayish white limestone, it is embedded in the wall 12 m above the… more


In addition to the recent publications of Celtic ceramic (see ‘New Material 1’ article), weapons and other metal artifacts (see ‘New Material 2’ article), and Celtic coinage of the Paeonia, Thasos, Philip II and Philip III types, as well as Bastarnae coinage of the Huşi Vorvrieşti type (see numismatic section), a number of Celtic settlements… more

Celtic Settlements in Bulgaria – (1) Northern Bulgaria

One of the most remarkable contradictions in modern historical research over the last 50 years has been the identification by international and Bulgarian linguists of a large number of Celtic settlements in a region where local ‘Thracologists’ continue to claim that there was never any Celtic presence. As a result of this ‘Thracian Myth’, developed… more

Between Hinterland and Frontier: Ottoman Vidin, Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries

A STRONGHOLD AND A PORT ON THE DANUBE FROM ROMAN TIMES, and the capital city of one of the Bulgarian states (1371–96), Vidin was incorporated into the expanding Ottoman principality shortly after the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396 as a punishment for its ruler’s co-operation with the crusaders. The battle marked the end of the Second Bulgarian Empire and… more

Mosque of El Haj Huseyin

This mosque is located in the city of Belogradchik’s main street.  Built for El Haj Huseyin A#a in 1757-58, it is a reconstruction of an earlier mosque.  Someone decoratively painted over the door and mihrab (a niche in the qibla – a wall that indicated the direction of Mecca) in the 19 th century.  In the 20 th century, the tile roof… more

Ottoman Bulgaria in the First Tanzimat Period -The Revolts in Nish (1841) and Vidin (1850)*

Ottoman policy in the first Tanzimat (reform) period (1839-1856) had as one of its stated aims the amelioration of certain conditions to reduce the discontent on the part of non-Muslim subjects of the Empire. The steady increase throughout the entire Tanzimat period (1839-1876) in the intensity of separatist nationalist cultural and political activity among the… more

Parokhet hamasakh

“This veil of the covering (parokhet hamasakh; Ex. 35: 12) is dedicated to the Lord, completed and accomplished in the spring month (of Nisan; Deut. 16: 1), the year ‘The Lord is thy keeper’ (Ps. 121: 5; March – April 1800), through the good offices of the Great Rabbi, the exalted man of substance, the… more

Bulgarian uprising (1850)

Bulgarian uprising (1850) Ever since the Turks conquered Bulgaria at the end of the 14th century, the local Slav and Christian population, undeterred by the stringent rule and bloody repression, kept revolting and staging armed uprisings. Whenever Turkey fought a war with any of the European Christian powers and was defeated, Bulgarians rose up. In… more

Hungarian occupation of Vidin

The Hungarian occupation of Vidin was a period in the history of the city and region of Vidin, today in northwestern Bulgaria, when it was under the rule of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1365 to 1369. Before 1359–1360, the former heir to the Bulgarian crown Ivan Sratsimir had established himself as the ruler of… more

Vidin – 1

Vidin emerged at the place of an old Celtic settlement known as Dunonia. The name itself meant “fortified hill” with the typically Celtic dun found frequently in Celtic place names. The settlement evolved into an Roman fortified town called Bononia. The town grew into one of the important centres of the province of Upper Moesia,… more

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